Adverse Events Associated With Cosmetic Dermatologic Procedures

M Alam, R Kakar, M Nodzenski, et al.

dermatological proceduresABSTRACT

IMPORTANCE
Common noninvasive to minimally invasive cosmetic dermatologic procedures are widely believed to be safe given the low incidence of reported adverse events, but reliable incidence data regarding adverse event rates are unavailable to date.

OBJECTIVE
To assess the incidence of adverse events associated with noninvasive to minimally invasive cosmetic dermatologic procedures, including those involving laser and energy devices, as well as injectable neurotoxins and fillers.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS
A multicenter prospective cohort study (March 28, 2011, to December 30, 2011) of procedures performed using laser and energy devices, as well as injectable neurotoxins and soft-tissue augmentation materials, among 8 geographically dispersed US private and institutional dermatology outpatient clinical practices focused on cosmetic dermatology, with a total of 23 dermatologists. Participants represented a consecutive sample of 20 399 cosmetic procedures. Data acquisition was for 3 months (13 weeks) per center, with staggered start dates to account for seasonal variation.

EXPOSURES
Web-based data collection daily at each center to record relevant procedures, by category type and subtype. Adverse events were detected by (1) initial observation by participating physicians or staff; (2) active ascertainment from patients, who were encouraged to self-report after their procedure; and (3) follow-up postprocedural phone calls to patients by staff, if appropriate. When adverse events were not observed by physicians but were suspected, follow-up visits were scheduled within 24 hours to characterize these events. Detailed information regarding each adverse event was entered into an online form.

MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES
The main outcome was the total incidence of procedure-related adverse events (total adverse events divided by total procedures performed), as verified by clinical examination.

RESULTS
Forty-eight adverse events were reported, for a rate of 0.24% (95% CI, 0.18%-0.31%). Overall, 36 procedures resulted in at least 1 adverse event, for a rate of 0.18% (95% CI, 0.13%-0.25%). No serious adverse events were reported. Adverse events were infrequently associated with known risk factors.

CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE
Noninvasive to minimally invasive cosmetic dermatologic procedures, including energy, neurotoxin, and filler procedures, are safe when performed by experienced board-certified dermatologists. Adverse events occur in less than 1% of patients, and most of these are minor and transient.

M Alam, R Kakar, M Nodzenski, O Ibrahim, W Disphanurat, D Bolotin, JH Borovicka, N Pace, TS Alster, KA Arndt, KR Beer, JM Berlin, LJ Bernstein, LA Brightman, K Butterwick, SE Cox, V Chotzen, SG Fabi, RE Fitzpatrick, RG Geronemus, MP Goldman, WF Groff, MS Kaminer, S Kilmer, TE Rohrer, EL Tanzi, SK Silva, SS Yoo, SH Weinkle, J Strasswimmer, E Poon, JS Dover
Multicenter Prospective Cohort Study of the Incidence of Adverse Events Associated With Cosmetic Dermatologic Procedures: Lasers, Energy Devices, and Injectable Neurotoxins and Fillers
JAMA Dermatol 2014 Nov 05; [EPub Ahead of Print]