Tanning Accelerators: Prevalence, Predictors of Use, and Adverse Effects

Selected by Pietro Cazzola

TanningABSTRACT

BACKGROUND
Tanning accelerators are topical products used by indoor tanners to augment and hasten the tanning process. These products contain tyrosine, psoralens, and/or other chemicals.

OBJECTIVE
We sought to better define the population using accelerators, identify predictors of their use, and describe any related adverse effects.

METHODS
This cross-sectional study surveyed 200 indoor tanners about their tanning practices and accelerator use. Primary analysis compared accelerator users with nonusers with respect to questionnaire variables. Descriptive statistics and χ2 contingency tables were applied to identify statistically significant variables.

RESULTS
Of respondents, 53% used accelerators; 97% were female and 3% were male with a median age of 22 years (range: 19-67). Users were more likely to spray tan, tan frequently, and be addicted to tanning. Acne and rashes were more common in accelerator users. Adverse reactions to accelerators prevented their further use 31% of the time.

LIMITATIONS
A limited adult population was evaluated; exact accelerator ingredients were not examined.

CONCLUSIONS
Tanning accelerator users are high-risk indoor tanners who tan more frequently and who are more likely addicted to tanning. Acne and rashes are more common with these products and act as only mild deterrents to continued use. Additional research should investigate accelerators' longer-term health effects.

JL Herrmann, R Cunningham, A Cantor, BE Elewski, CA Elmets
Tanning Accelerators: Prevalence, Predictors of Use, and Adverse Effects
J Am Acad Dermatol 2014 Nov 13;[EPub Ahead of Print]